July 10 History Hadrian, Battle of Britain, Greenpeace Rainbow Warrior

July 11, 2010
By Vannini

Notable Events

48 BC – Battle of Dyrrhachium: Julius Caesar barely avoids a catastrophic defeat to Pompey in Macedonia.

988 – The city of Dublin is founded on the banks of the river Liffey.

1778 – American Revolution: Louis XVI of France declares war on the Kingdom of Great Britain.

1821 – The United States takes possession of its newly bought territory of Florida from Spain.

1850 – Millard Fillmore is inaugurated as the 13th President of the United States upon the death of President Zachary Taylor, 16 months into his term.

1859 – Big Ben rings for the first time.

1921 – Belfast’s Bloody Sunday: 16 people are killed and 161 houses destroyed during rioting and gun battles in Belfast, Northern Ireland.

1925 – Meher Baba begins his silence of 44 years. His followers observe Silence Day on this date in commemoration.

1925 – Scopes Trial: In Dayton, Tennessee, the so-called “Monkey Trial” begins with John T. Scopes, a young high school science teacher accused of teaching evolution in violation of the Butler Act.

1938 – Howard Hughes sets a new record by completing a 91 hour airplane flight around the world.

1940 – World War II: Battle of Britain – The German Luftwaffe begins attacking British convoys in the English Channel thus starting the battle (this start date is contested, though).

1966 – The Chicago Freedom Movement, lead by Martin Luther King, holds a rally at Soldier Field in Chicago, Illinois. As many as 60,000 people came to hear Dr. King as well as Mahalia Jackson, Stevie Wonder, and Peter Paul and Mary.

1976 – The Seveso disaster occurs in Italy.

1985 – Greenpeace Rainbow Warrior is bombed and sunk in Auckland, New Zealand harbor by French DGSE agents.

1997 – In London scientists report the findings of the DNA analysis of a Neanderthal skeleton which support the “out of Africa theory” of human evolution placing an “African Eve” at 100,000 to 200,000 years ago.

Notable Births

1509 – John Calvin, French religious reformer (d. 1564)

1802 – Robert Chambers, Scottish author and naturalist (d. 1871)

1897 – Jack “Legs” Diamond”, American bootlegger (d. 1931)

1920 – Owen Chamberlain, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2006)

1921 – Eunice Kennedy Shriver, American activist (d. 2009)

1943 – Arthur Ashe, American tennis player (d. 1993)

1967 – Silvetty Montilla, Brazilian drag queen

1980 – Jessica Simpson, American singer

Notable Deaths

138 – Hadrian, Roman Emperor (b. 76)

1851 – Louis-Jacques Daguerre, French inventor and photographer (b. 1787)

1954 – Calogero Vizzini, Sicilian mafioso(b. 1877)

1978 – John D Rockefeller III, American businessman (b. 1906)

1979 – Arthur Fiedler, American conductor (b. 1894)

2005 – Freddy Soto, American comedian and actor (b. 1970)

Holidays and observances

Seven Brothers

Independence Day, celebrates the independence of the Bahamas from United Kingdom in 1973.

Silence Day (Followers of Meher Baba)

Statehood Day (Wyoming)

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