July 5th Letha Weapons, Newton, X-Day, Dolly, Ted Williams – This Day in History

July 5, 2010
By Vannini

Notable Events

1295 – Scotland and France form an alliance, the beginnings of the Auld Alliance, against England.

1687 – Isaac Newton publishes Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica.

1775 – United States Congress adopts the Olive Branch Petition.

1809 – Battle of Wagram starts, the two-day battle was the largest yet of the Napoleonic Wars.

1814 – War of 1812: Battle of Chippawa – American Major General Jacob Brown defeats British General Phineas Riall at Chippawa, Ontario.

1830 – France invades Algeria.

1865 – The Salvation Army is founded in the East End of London, England.

1884 – Germany takes possession of Cameroon.

1934 – “Bloody Thursday” – Police open fire on striking longshoremen in San Francisco.

1937 – Spam, the luncheon meat, is introduced into the market by the Hormel Foods Corporation.

1937 – Highest recorded temperature in Canada, at Yellow Grass, Saskatchewan: 45°C (113°F).

1943 – The Battle of Kursk, the largest full-scale battle in history, included world largest tank battle

1943 – World War II: An Allied invasion fleet sails for Sicily (Operation Husky, July 10, 1943).

1946 – The bikini is re-introduced in Paris, France (it was a Roman invention).

1948 – National Health Service Acts created the national public health systems in the United Kingdom

1975 – Arthur Ashe becomes the first black man to win the Wimbledon singles title.

1989 – Iran-Contra Affair: Oliver North is sentenced by U.S. District Judge Gerhard A. Gesell to a three-year suspended prison term, two years probation, $150,000 in fines and 1,200 hours community service.

1996 – Dolly the sheep becomes the first mammal cloned from an adult cell.

2009 – Roger Federer wins a record 15th Grand Slam title in tennis, winning a five set match against Andy Roddick at Wimbledon.

Notable Births

1321 – Joan of The Tower, Queen consort of Scotland (d. 1362)

1675 – Mary Walcott, American accuser at the Salem witch trials

1888 – Herbert Spencer Gasser, American physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1963)

1905 – Myles Horton, American educator and Civil Rights Movement teacher (d. 1990)

1951 – Goose Gossage, American baseball player

1972 – Letha Weapons, porn actress

1979 – Tim Coly, German rugby player

1981 – Gianne Albertoni, Brazilian model

1996 – Dolly the Sheep, the first cloned mammal

Notable Deaths

1833 – Nicéphore Niépce, French inventor (b. 1765)

1863 – Lewis Armistead, Confederate General (b. 1817)

1991 – Howard Nemerov, American poet (b. 1920)

2002 – Ted Williams, American baseball player (b. 1918)

2007 – George Melly, British jazz & blues musician (b. 1926)

Holidays and observances

Independence Day, celebrate the independence of Algeria from France in 1962.

Independence Day, celebrate the independence of Cape Verde from the Portugal in 1975.

Independence Day, celebrate the independence of Venezuela from Spain in 1811.

X-Day (Church of the SubGenius)

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