June 23rd This Day in History – Battle of Bannockburn

June 23, 2010
By Vannini

Notable Events

79 – Titus Caesar Vespasianus succeeds his father Vespasianus as tenth Roman Emperor.

1314 – First War of Scottish Independence: The Battle of Bannockburn, south of Stirling, begins.

1532 – Henry VIII and François I sign a secret treaty against Emperor Charles V.

1611 – The mutinous crew of Henry Hudson’s fourth voyage sets Henry, his son and seven loyal crew members adrift in an open boat in what is now Hudson Bay; they are never heard from again.

1758 – Seven Years’ War: Battle of Krefeld – British forces defeat French troops at Krefeld in Germany.

1760 – Seven Years’ War: Battle of Landeshut – Austria defeats Prussia.

1812 – Napoleonic Wars: Napoleon I of France invades Russia.

1865 – American Civil War: At Fort Towson in the Oklahoma Territory, Confederate Brigadier General Stand Watie surrenders the last significant rebel army.

1868 – Christopher Latham Sholes receives a patent for Type-Writer.

1917 – In a game against the Washington Senators, Boston Red Sox pitcher Ernie Shore retires 26 batters in a row after replacing Babe Ruth, who had been ejected for punching the umpire.

1931 – Wiley Post and Harold Gatty take off from Roosevelt Field, Long Island in an attempt to circumnavigate the world in a single-engine plane.

1940 – World War II: German leader Adolf Hitler surveys newly defeated Paris in now occupied France.

1942 – World War II: The first selections for the gas chamber at Auschwitz take place on a train load of Jews from Paris.

1942 – World War II: Germany’s latest fighter, a Focke-Wulf FW190 is captured intact when it mistakenly lands at RAF Pembrey in Wales.

1968 – 74 are killed and 150 injured in a football stampede towards a closed exit in a Buenos Aires stadium.

1972 – Watergate Scandal: U.S. President Richard M. Nixon and White House chief of staff H. R. Haldeman are taped talking about using the Central Intelligence Agency to obstruct the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s investigation into the Watergate break-ins.

1985 – A terrorist bomb aboard Air India flight 182 brings the Boeing 747 down off the coast of Ireland, killing all 329 aboard.

1989 – The U.S. Supreme Court rules that a law passed by the U.S. Congress banning all sexually oriented phone message services is unconstitutional.

Notable Births

47 BC – Pharaoh Ptolemy XV Caesarion of Egypt (d. 30 BC)

1612 – André Tacquet, Flemish mathematician (d. 1660)

1668 – Giambattista Vico, Italian philosopher and historian (d. 1744)

1889 – Anna Akhmatova, Russian poet (d. 1966)

1894 – Alfred Kinsey, American entomologist and sexologist (d. 1956)

1907 – James Meade, English economist, Nobel laureat (d. 1995)

1927 – Bob Fosse, American choreographer (d. 1987)

1929 – June Carter Cash, American singer (d. 2003)

1943 – Vint Cerf, American Internet pioneer, Turing Award laureate

1943 – James Levine, American conductor

1948 – Clarence Thomas, U.S. Supreme Court Justice

1963 – Colin Montgomerie, Scottish golfer

Notable Deaths

79 – Vespasian, Roman Emperor (b. 9)

1779 – Ras Mikael Sehul, warlord of Ethiopia

1806 – Mathurin Jacques Brisson, French naturalist (b. 1723)

1836 – James Mill, Scottish philosopher and historian, (b. 1773)

1997 – Betty Shabazz, wife of Malcolm X (b. 1936)

2009 – Ed McMahon, American television personality (b. 1923)

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