June 21st This Day in History – Molly Maguires Hanged

June 21, 2010
By Vannini

Notable Events

524 – Godomar, King of the Burgundians defeats the Franks at the Battle of Vézeronce.

1788 – New Hampshire ratifies the Constitution of the United States and is admitted as the 9th state in the United States.

1798 – Irish Rebellion of 1798: The British Army defeats Irish rebels at the Battle of Vinegar Hill.

1824 – Greek War of Independence: Egyptian forces capture Psara in the Aegean Sea.

1826 – Maniots defeat Egyptians under Ibrahim Pasha in the Battle of Vergas.

1864 – New Zealand Land Wars: The Tauranga Campaign ends.

1877 – The Molly Maguires, ten Irish immigrants, are hanged at the Schuylkill County and Carbon County, Pennsylvania prisons.

1942 – World War II: Tobruk falls to Italian and German forces.

1942 – World War II: A Japanese submarine surfaces near the Columbia River in Oregon, firing 17 shells at nearby Fort Stevens in one of only a handful of attacks by the Japanese against the United States mainland.

1964 – Three civil rights workers, Andrew Goodman, James Chaney and Mickey Schwerner, are murdered in Neshoba County, Mississippi, United States, by members of the Ku Klux Klan.

2001 – A federal grand jury in Alexandria, Virginia, indicts 13 Saudis and a Lebanese in the 1996 bombing of the Khobar Towers in Saudi Arabia that killed 19 American servicemen.

2004 – SpaceShipOne becomes the first privately funded spaceplane to achieve spaceflight.

2006 – Pluto’s newly discovered moons are officially named Nix & Hydra.

Notable Births

1528 – Maria of Spain, Holy Roman Empire Empress (d. 1603)

1535 – Leonhard Rauwolf, German physician and botanist (d. 1596)

1588 – George Wither, English writer (d. 1667)

1676 (O.S.) – Anthony Collins, English philosopher (d. 1729)

1710 – James Short, British mathematician (d. 1768)

1732 – Johann Christoph Friedrich Bach, German composer (d. 1791)

1750 (O.S.) – Thomas Spence, English classical writer (d. 1814)

1759 – Alexander J. Dallas, American statesman and financier (d. 1817)

1763 – Pierre Paul Royer-Collard, French philosopher (d. 1845)

1781 – Siméon-Denis Poisson, French mathematician and physicist (d. 1840)

1850 – Daniel Carter Beard, founder of the Boy Scouts of America (d. 1941)

1905 – Jean-Paul Sartre, French philosopher and writer, Nobel Prize laureate (declined) (d. 1980)

1914 – William Vickrey, Canadian economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1996)

1931 – Jan Trąbka, Polish scientist, philosopher

1932 – Lalo Schifrin, Argentine pianist and composer

1943 – Salomé, Spanish singer

1953 – Benazir Bhutto, Prime Minister of Pakistan (d. 2007)

1965 – Larry Wachowski, American film director

1965 – Yang Liwei, Chinese astronaut

1982 – Prince William of Wales, British prince and heir

2001 – Alexandra Obolentseva, Russian chess player

Notable Deaths

223 – Liu Bei, Emperor of Shu Han (b. 161)

1208 – Philip of Swabia, King of Germany and duke of Swabia (b. 1177)

1527 – Niccolò Machiavelli, Italian historian and political author (b. 1469)

1591 – Aloysius Gonzaga, Italian saint (b. 1568)

1631 – John Smith, English explorer

1893 – Leland Stanford, American business tycoon and founder of Stanford University (b. 1824)

1908 – Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Russian composer (b. 1844)

1914 – Bertha von Suttner, Austrian writer and pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1843)

1917 – Matthias Zurbriggen, Swiss mountaineer (b. 1856)

1940 – Smedley Butler, American Marine general (b. 1881)

1954 – Gideon Sundback, American inventor, perfected the zipper (b. 1880)

1987 – Madman Muntz, American entrepreneur, businessman, electrical engineer, TV commercial actor (b. 1914)

2001 – John Lee Hooker, American musician (b. 1916)

2008 – Kermit Love, American puppeteer (b. 1916)

Misc. Holidays and observances

Father’s Day (Egypt, Lebanon, Jordan, Syria, and Uganda)

Go Skateboarding Day

Martyrs’ Day (Togo)

National Aboriginal Day (Canada)

Statehood Day (New Hampshire)

World Music Day

World Humanist Day (Humanism)

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