Monday June 14, 2010 – This Day in History- The Falklands War

June 14, 2010
By Vannini

Notable Events

1642 – Massachusetts passed the first compulsory education law in the colonies.

1775 – The United States Army was established by the Continental Congress.

1777 – The Continental Congress adopted the Stars and Stripes as the nation’s flag.

1789 – English Captain William Bligh and 18 others, cast adrift from the HMS Bounty seven weeks before, reached Timor, after traveling 4,000 miles in a small, open boat.

1834 – Isaac Fischer, Jr. of Vermont patented sandpaper.

One from the they don’t make em like they used to department…

originally made by gluing grains of sand to heavy paper sheets. Today sandpaper is made primarily with quartz, aluminum oxide, or silicon carbide grains,

The first recorded instance of sandpaper was in 13th century China when crushed shells, seeds, and sand were bonded to parchment using natural gum. Also shark skin has been used in the past

Sandpaper was originally known as glass paper, as it used particles of glass. Glass frit has sharp-edged particles and cuts well, sand grains are smoothed down and work less well. Cheap counterfeit sandpaper has long been passed off as true glass paper; Stalker and Parker cautioned against it as far back as the 17th century.

Glass paper was manufactured by John Oakey’s company in London by 1833, who had developed new adhesive techniques and processes that could be mass-produced. A process for making sandpaper was patented in the United States on June 14 1834 by Isaac Fischer, Jr., of Springfield, Vermont.

1841 – The first Canadian parliament opened.

1846 – U.S. settlers in Sonoma proclaimed the Republic of California.

1881 – The player piano was patented by John McTammany, Jr. of Cambridge, Massachusetts.

1940 – German troops entered Paris during World War II.

1951 – The U.S. Census Bureau dedicated the UNIVAC, the world’s first commercially produced electronic digital computer.

1954 – President Dwight Eisenhower signed an order adding the words “under God” to the Pledge of Allegiance.

1954 – Americans took part in the first nationwide civil defense test against atomic attack.

1982 – Argentine forces surrendered to British troops on the Falkland Islands, ending the Falkland Islands War.

  • The Falklands War started on Friday, 2 April 1982 with the Argentine invasion and occupation of the Falkland Islands and South Georgia, and ended with the Argentine surrender on 14 June 1982. The war lasted 74 days, and resulted in the deaths of 257 British and 649 Argentine soldiers, sailors, and airmen, and three civilian Falklanders. It is the most recent conflict to be fought by the UK without any allied states and the only external Argentine war since the 1880s.
  • A British naval base was established in the Falkland Islands in 1833.
  • In 1833 Charles Darwin, the author of Origin of Species, visited the Falkland Islands as a member of the HMS Beagle expedition
  • During the early part of the First World War the British defeated German warships at the Battle of the Falkland Islands.
  • Argentina still claims the islands

2002 – A car bomb exploded near the US Consulate in Karachi, Pakistan killing 12 people and wounding more than 50 others, all Pakistanis.

Notable Births

  • 1811 – Harriet Beecher Stowe, American novelist.
  • 1820 – John Bartlett, American quotations compiler, editor.
  • 1864 – Alois Alzheimer, German psychiatrist, pathologist.
  • 1906 – Margaret Bourke-White, American photojournalist.
  • 1909 – Burl Ives (Icle Ivanhoe), American singer, actor.
  • 1928 – Che Guevara, Argentinean communist revolutionary.
  • 1946 – Donald Trump, American entrepreneur, real estate developer.
  • 1961 – Boy George (born George Alan O’Dowd), British pop singer-songwriter.
  • 1969 – Steffi Graf, German tennis player.

Notable Deaths

  • 1801 – Benedict Arnold, American general in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War.
  • 1946 – John Logie Baird, Scottish inventor who developed television.
  • 1994 – Henry Mancini, American composer. born Enrico Nicola Mancini

Although he was drafted into the Army during World War Two, Mancini was able get switched from the infantry to the band. The compositions for which he is best known include ‘Moon River’ (the theme song from the 1961 film Breakfast at Tiffany’s), and the theme music for the 1963 films The Pink Panther and Charade. He is often accredited with composing the music for the Peanuts movies, the well-known theme Linus and Lucy in particular. 

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